One of my favourite bands, one of my favourite songs.
One of my favourite bands, one of my favourite songs.
Naturally, we need to improve our paraphrasing and summarizing skills.
https://owl.english.purdue.edu/exercises/28/12/33/ – here are some excercises given.
In the nearest time I will publish my results of paraphrasing here.
1.Low temperatures in the Antarctic influence the whole planet, just like the Sun. Jacques Cousteau said, that cold and warm streams help to cool the atmosphere and the water itself and that the human activity has a strong influence on it, so it can be easily broken.
2. In the twenties drinking was banned by the law, but everyone knew where to get a bottle of liquor. Police had no influence when the organized crime ruled in the big cities. Jazz, short skirts and bobbed hair became popular as never before.
3. Every year 75% of deaths while riding a bicycle are caused by head injuries. Wearing a bike helmet can protect our life from such cases.
4. Matisse is considered to be the most realistic of all modern artists. “The Casbah Gate”, which depicts famous gateway Bab el Aassa, mirrors the essence of a Tangier afternoon, light breeze and even smell of roses.
5. How hight can be a skyscraper? Structure engineer William LeMessuirer has made a project of a half-mile-high building. That building is supposed to be two times higher than one of the tallest skyscrapers nowadays, the Sears Tower. Some architects think, that using modern technologies they can frame 500-floors building!
During writing an article or (in my case) a course paper you will need to research and incorporate the writing of others into your own texts. Sometimes it is easy and sometimes not so. What should we do? There are, of course, some steps. The first one is paraphrasing - changing the language into your own. And the second one is summarizing – getting rid of smaller details and leaving only the primary points.
https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/976/02/ – here are some rules of paraphrasing given.
After reading the information we need to answer some questions.
1. Can you use smb else’s words in your work without acknowledging it? If yes, why? If no, why as well.
Of course, we can’t use smb words without mentioning a sourse, because we can’t prove the origin. It will be considered as plagiarism.
2. Why your audience is an important consideration when summarising or paraphrasing?
It is important to pay attention to the audience, because we have to choose our language (words) according to it. For example, if we make speech in front of men of science (scholars) we can’t use some slangy words. Sure, we have to use nice terminology and complicated structures, give more detailed examples and so on.
3. Can you change the meaning of the original when you paraphrase or summarise?
No, we have to follow the main idea, because otherwise it is not even parapharing, but distortion of the original.
As I am preparing to write my course paper,I’ve found some interesting and (what is more important) modern articles, connected with the German language. I have to admit that Google Scholar is the great helper in my studies.
So I’m going to tell you about one on the most interesting and useful article, it is written by two french linguists Kim Gerdes and Sylvain Kahane. The article is devoted to the problem of word order of German verbs and their complements.
The article contains 4 Chapters (the authors call them Sections): Introduction, Description, Formalization and, finally, Conclusion.
In the 1st chapter the authors give a very clear description of the subject of study and give some basic information about German word order in common. Also they mark the aims and goals of the whole study.
In section 2 the results of their findings are presented ‘in the usual terminology of traditional German grammars’. First, they compare English and German word order and mention, that the German one is much freer. As an example they give some sentences. Then we can see some word order rules for linear order of verbs, which were established by the authors themselves.
In the Chapter (or Section) 3 they give some mathematical formalism to state the rules, but, unfortunaly, I am not good at maths, so I won’t give any description of the given formula.
In the Conslusion the authors give an explanation of their work and the results and, of course, the list of the used literature.
What I especially like about that article (and it is, by the way, one of the reasons, why I chose it) – there are a lot of useful and quite understandable schemes.
Word Order in German:
A Formal Dependency Grammar Using a Topological Hierarchy
I left my best friends or did they just leave me?
I think that learning foreign languages is a great fun, I suppose. I agree with the quotation of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, because the more a person knows, the wider is his outlook. Linguistics itself includes a number of branches and fields like biolinguistics. descriptive linguistics, ecolinguistics, language engineering, cognitive linguistics, comparative linguistics, sociolinguistics etc.
The most interesting branch of linguistics for me is lexicology. This is the most flexible part of language: new words or expressions or constructions come to our life every day and go out of use. Also such branches as sociolinguistics and computational linguistics seem to be really of current interest. One of the most difficult and important branches is decipherment: the ancient languages demand good historical and language knowledge and still there are undeciphered languages like Proto-Euphatean languages (also known as “banana languages” or Scythian (Middle Iranian) languages. I think this field is going to improve in the nearest future.
“Online reading strategies at work” by Hsin-Chou Huang
1. What is the object of the research?
The object of recearch is reading strategy program and features of EFL teaching according to teachers and, of course, students.
2. What is/are the research question(s)?
The question is, how useful are such innovations, how they will be accepted from the both sides – teachers’ and students’, and if there are some differences in ability of people to use this ptogram.
3. What is the design of the study?
The researcher invented a web-based strategy training program on the basis of reading strategy research and pedagogy. The program offers 4 types of reading strategy functions ( Global, Problem-solving, Support, Socio-affective) through 15 strategy buttons: Keyword, Preview, Prediction, Outline, Summary, Semantic mapping, Pronunciation, Speed reading, Dictionary, Translation, Grammar, Highlight, Notebook, Music box, My questions.
4. How was the data collected?
40 college teachers and 32 EFL-students in Taiwan were invited to evaluate this program and give feedback. The researcher watched, how students and teachers were using all functions of the program and then wrote their impressions of using it.
5. What are the research findings?
Both groups gave positive feedbacks, they marked program’s user-friendly interface desing and the effectiveness of its strategy. However, there was a difference between what teachers thought and what students did. The teachers were more attracted by Global strategies, students – by Support strategies. Experience of using such resources also had an influence on the result of the study. The high-proficiency group’s more frequent use of Global strategies echoed teachers’ preference for teaching Global strategies. The research showed that teachers should provide more explicit training to encourage all students to use Global strategies for textual understanding.
THE SOURCE: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0958344013000153